Classification of LABOUR LAWS in India

Labour Laws may be classified under the following heads:

  1. Laws related to Industrial Relations such as:
    1. Trade Unions Act, 1926.
    2. Industrial Employment Standing Order Act, 1946.
    3. Industrial Disputes Act, 1947.
  2. Laws related to Wages such as:
    1. Payment of Wages Act, 1936.
    2. Minimum Wages Act, 1948.
    3. Payment of Bonus Act, 1965.
    4. Working Journalists (Fixation of Rates of Wages) Act, 1958.
  3. Laws related to Working Hours, Conditions of Service and Employment such as:
    1. Factories Act, 1948.
    2. Plantation Labour Act, 1951.
    3. Mines Act, 1952.
    4. Working Journalists and other Newspaper Employees’ (Conditions of Service and Misc. Provisions) Act, 1955.
    5. Merchant Shipping Act, 1958.
    6. Motor Transport Workers Act, 1961.
    7. Beedi & Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act, 1966.
    8. Contract Labour (Regulation & Abolition) Act, 1970.
    9. Sales Promotion Employees Act, 1976.
    10. Inter-State Migrant Workmen (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1979.
    11. Dock Workers (Safety, Health & Welfare) Act, 1986.
    12. Building & Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment & Conditions of Service) Act, 1996.
    13. Building and Other Construction Workers Welfare Cess Act, 1996
    14. Cine-Workers and Cinema Theatre Workers (Regulation of Employment) Act, 1981
    15. Dangerous Machines (Regulation) Act, 1983
    16. Dock Workers (Regulation of Employment) Act, 1948
    17. Dock Workers (Regulation of Employment) (Inapplicability to Major Ports) Act, 1997
    18. Employment of Manual Scavengers and Construction of Dry Latrines (Prohibition) Act, 1993
    19. Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946
    20. Mines and Mineral (Development and Regulation Act, 1957
    21. Plantation Labour Act, 1951
    22. Private Security Agencies (Regulation) Act, 2005
  4. Laws related to Equality and Empowerment of Women such as:
    1. Maternity Benefit Act, 1961
    2. Equal Remuneration Act, 1976.
  5. Laws related to Deprived and Disadvantaged Sections of the Society such as:
    1. Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976
    2. Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986
    3. Children (Pledging of Labour) Act, 1933
  6. Laws related to Social Security such as:
    1. Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923.
    2. Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948.
    3. Employees’ Provident Fund & Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952.
    4. Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972.
    5. Employers’ Liability Act, 1938
    6. Beedi Workers Welfare Cess Act, 1976
    7. Beedi Workers Welfare Fund Act, 1976
    8. Cine workers Welfare Cess Act, 1981
    9. Cine Workers Welfare Fund Act, 1981
    10. Fatal Accidents Act, 1855
    11. Iron Ore Mines, Manganese Ore Mines and Chrome Ore Mines Labour Welfare Cess Act, 1976
    12. Iron Ore Mines, Manganese Ore Mines and Chrome Ore Mines Labour Welfare Fund Act, 1976
    13. Limestone and Dolomite Mines Labour Welfare Fund Act, 1972
    14. Mica Mines Labour Welfare Fund Act, 1946
    15. Personal Injuries (Compensation Insurance) Act, 1963
    16. Personal Injuries (Emergency Provisions) Act, 1962
    17. Unorganised Workers’ Social Security Act, 2008